Table 2

Predictors of partial breastfeeding in the first postpartum week.

Partial breastfeeding

(compared with fully breastfeeding)

adjusted OR (95% CI)


Analgesia1

Non-pharmacological

1 (referent group)

Gas

1.46 (0.48, 4.45)

Pethidine

0.97 (0.34, 2.75)

Epidural

3.61 (1.57, 8.29)

General anaesthetic

9.25 (3.22, 26.59)

Parity2

Multiparous

1 (referent group)

Primiparous

2.59 (1.51, 4.45)

Type of birth1

Vaginal

1 (referent group)

Instrumental

1.82 (0.91, 3.65)

CS* no labour

4.41 (2.25, 8.64)

CS with labour

6.22 (3.15, 12.30)

Onset of labour1

Spontaneous

1 (referent group)

Induced

1.86 (1.07, 3.22)

No labour

3.73 (1.92, 7.24)


1adjusted for parity, 2adjusted for analgesia, *CS = Caesarean section

Note: Cannot include analgesia, type of birth and onset of labour in the one model as some variables are on the causal pathway of others

Torvaldsen et al. International Breastfeeding Journal 2006 1:24   doi:10.1186/1746-4358-1-24

Open Data