Table 2

Doppler blood flow parameters for the mammary branches of the Internal Mammary Artery Branch (IMA) and Lateral Thoracic Artery (LTA) for both the non-lactating and lactating breast

Mean blood flow parameters

Non-lactating breast

Lactating breast


IMA Diameter (mm)

0.2 [68]

1.8


Systolic velocity (cm/s)

-

56


Diastolic velocity (cm/s)

-

25


Mean velocity (cm/s)

19 [68]

39


Flow volume (mL/min)

45.5 [68]

85


LTA Diameter (mm)

1.3


Systolic velocity (cm/s)

-

37


Diastolic velocity (cm/s)

-

16


Mean velocity (cm/s)

-

24


Flow volume (mL/min)

-

45


Pulsatility Index

2.2 (2) [69]

0.88


24 hour mammary blood flow (L)

-

170–200


- no data available

Geddes International Breastfeeding Journal 2009 4:4   doi:10.1186/1746-4358-4-4

Open Data