Table 4

Factors independentlya associated with initiation of breastfeeding and any and exclusive breastfeeding at discharge from hospital after adjustment for potential confoundersb (n = 373)

Variables

n

Ever initiated breastfeeding

Any breastfeeding at discharge from hospital

Exclusive breastfeeding at discharge from hospital

AdjORc

CI 95%

AdjOR

CI 95%

AdjOR

CI 95%


Biomedical

Method of delivery

Vaginal (ref)

235

NS

1.00

1.00

Cesarean section

138

0.60

0.33, 1.06

0.15

0.05, 0.43

Infant admitted to SCU

Yes (ref)

76

1.00

1.00

1.00

No

297

5.67

2.49, 12.95

2.85

1.52, 5.33

4.23

0.98, 18.34

Psychosocial

Father prefers breastfeeding

Yes (ref)

300

NS

1.00

NS

No or ambivalent

73

0.49

0.25, 0.96

Sociodemographic

Country of mother's birth

Kuwait & Gulf countries (ref)

209

1.00

NS

1.00

Other Arab countries

123

3.47

1.12, 10.80

3.12

1.46, 6.66

Other world countries

41

1.38

0.38, 8.82

1.49

0.45, 4.93


aAll variables in the final model were variables for which, when excluded, the change in deviance compared with the corresponding χ2 test statistic on the relevant degrees of freedom was significant.

b Non-significant variables were maternal grandmother preference of breastfeeding, when the feeding decision was made, previous employment status, future employment intentions, number of years schooling, whether maternal grandmother breastfed any of her children, father's occupation, parity, maternal age, mother's occupation, attendance at antenatal classes

cAdjOR: Adjusted Odds Ratio

Dashti et al. International Breastfeeding Journal 2010 5:7   doi:10.1186/1746-4358-5-7

Open Data